Chitosan is a natural compound that has been around us for almost 3 decades. Originally, it was utilized in removal of toxins of water but now its usage has been expanded to a great degree. Today, Chitosan is manufactured artificially in laboratories in two forms. One is flakey sort of dry form whereas the second one is fluid Chitosan. Chitosan is known everywhere around the world as a simple substance distilled from chitin present in outer shells of crustaceans. Chitin is also located in exoskeletons of shellfish and is the second abundantly occurring polymer in nature.
Moreover, manufacturers can also get chitin from shells of insects and cell walls of fungi for preparing dry or fluid Chitosan synthetically. Chitosan is nothing but merely the most refined form of natural chitin that is obtained from shells of crustaceans and shellfish. There are many biomedical applications associated with Chitosan. Now-a-days, fluid Chitosan is regularly employed by persons of different ages in order to lose their excess weight. Chitosan is now available as a supplement.
It is in addition utilized in makeup, for thickening foods and in production of paints. The fluid form of Chitosan is rapidly gaining more recognition and popularity among people in comparison to the dry form of Chitosan. Nonetheless, Chitosan in both dry and fluid forms are now promoted as dietary aids by their manufacturers.
Reason behind the ever increasing popularity of fluid Chitosan is that it is more proficient at eliminating stomach pains. Also, people can simply do away with a few other clumping problems by making use of fluid Chitosan in their daily regimen. This is because it provides basis to the body fat in order to convert into thousands of minute calorie-free beads. Now these tiny beads with no calorie in them are much gentler on one’s gastrointestinal tract. There are lots of varieties of chitosan.
The most common identification features of fluid Chitosan are:
• Color and odor
• Protein content
• Degree of deacetylation
• Viscosity etc
Below is the identification factors of fluid Chitosan.
• As name implies, this kind of Chitosan has fluid appearance
• Fluid Chitosan is mostly obtainable in yellow color plus no smell and taste
• This Chitosan variety comprises about 0.5 percent of protein content
• Deacetylation degree appears to be more than 90%, which may exceed to 95% percent if colloidal technique is used for measurement
• Viscosity of fluid Chitosan comes out to be 50cps if the Brookfield viscometer is used as gauging equipment
• pH level of fluid Chitosan is less than 5.5
• Fluid Chitosan shows 0.5% of insolubility if 20 grams of this substance is dissolved in distilled water of 100ml.
Majority of people has stopped using the flakey Chitosan and are now turning towards the ingestion of Fluid Chitosan in their daily diet. This is as it offers better results in controlling additional weight and cholesterol gain. Dry form of Chitosan might result in stomach pains and gas while the liquid Chitosan do not cause such problem. Consequently, use of fluid Chitosan is safer than its counterpart-dry Chitosan and therefore advocated by experts.